n Bot. Family of dicotyledonous plants. They are trees and shrubs with alternate, stipuled leaves, flowers generally dioecious, arranged in racemes or panicles, and fruits that are drupes, such as cashew.
This family comprises some 650 species distributed in 70 genera.
Type genus: Anacardium.
From modern Latin Anacardiaceae; from Anacardium, name of a plant genus; from Greek anákardos, from ana, «upwards», «inverted», and cardía, «heart», because the fruits of some species within this genus look like an inverted heart; and the Latin suffix -aceae, «-aceous».