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Nº 164. Martes, 28 de mayo de 2013

Verbos Irregulares del Inglés

A continuación, una relación de los verbos irregulares más comunes de la lengua inglesa. También se incluyen algunos verbos regulares de igual escritura que los irregulares.

Presente, Pasado, Participio de pasado significado

arise, arose, arisen levantarse, ascender, surgir

awake, awoke, awaked despertarse

bear, bore, born/borne soportar, llevar, dar a luz

beat, beat, beaten golpear, apalear

become, became, become volverse, transformarse

begin, began, begun empezar, comenzar

bend, bent/bended, bent doblar, curvar, plegar

bet, bet/betted, bet/betted apostar

bind, bound, bound atar, amarrar

bite, bit, bitten morder

bleed, bled, bled sangrar

blow, blew, blown soplar, estallar

bring, brought, brought traer

build, built, built construir, edificar

burst, burst, burst explotar, reventar, estallar

cast, cast, cast echar, lanzar, fundir

catch, caught, caught agarrar, atrapar

choose, chose, chosen escoger, elegir

cling, clung, clung adherirse, aferrarse, agarrarse

come, came, come venir, llegar

cost, cost, cost costar, valer

creep, crept, crept gatear, arrastrarse

cut, cut, cut cortar

dare, dared, dared atreverse

deal, delt, delt negociar, distribuir

dig, dug, dug cavar, escarbar

do, did, done hacer

draw, drew, drawn dibujar, jalar, extraer

drink, drank, drunk beber

drive, drove, driven conducir, manejar

eat, ate, eaten comer

fall, fell, fallen caer

feed, fed, fed alimentar, dar de comer

feel, felt, felt sentir, sentirse

fight, fought, fought luchar, pelear

find, found, found encontrar

fling, flung, flung arrojar, lanzar, tirar

fly, flew, flown volar

forget, forgot, forgotten olvidar

forgive, forgave, forgiven perdonar

freeze, froze, frozen congelar, refrigerar

get, got, gotten/got conseguir, recibir, obtener

give, gave, given dar

go, went, gone ir

grind, ground, ground moler

grow, grew, grown crecer, cultivar

hang, hung, hung colgar

have, had, had tener

hear, heard, heard oír, escuchar

hide, hid, hidden esconder(se), ocultar(se)

hit, hit, hit golpear

hold, held, held sostener, sujetar

hurt, hurt, hurt herir, dañar, lastimar

keep, kept, kept conservar, mantener

lay, laid, laid poner, colocar

lead, led, led liderar, guiar, encabezar

lead, leaded, leaded cubrir con plomo

leave, left, left partir, zarpar, dejar

leave, leaved, leaved brotar hojas

lend, lent, lent prestar, dar prestado

let, let, let permitir

lie, lay, lain yacer, acostarse, tenderse

lie, lied, lied mentir

light, lit/lighted, lit/lighted alumbrar, iluminar

lose, lost, lost perder

make, made, made hacer, manufacturar

mean, ment, ment significar, dar a entender

meet, met, met reunirse, encontrar(se)

owe, owed, owed deber, adeudar

pay, paid, paid pagar.

quit, quit/quitted, quit/quitted abandonar, renunciar, dejar

read, read, read leer

ride, rode, ridden montar, cabalgar, ir en vehículo

ring, rang, rung timbrar

ring, ringed, ringed anillar, circundar, fajar

see, saw, seen ver

seek, sought, sought buscar

shake, shook, shaken sacudir, agitar, batir

sell, sold, sold vender

send, sent, sent enviar

set, set, set poner, establecer

shave, shaved, shaved/shaven afeitar, rasurar

shine, shined/shone, shined/shone brillar, relucir, lustrar

shoot, shot, shot disparar, fotografiar

show, showed, shown/showed mostrar, presentar

shrink, shrank, shrunk encoger(se)

shut, shut, shut cerrar

sing, sang, sung cantar

sink, sank, sunk hundir(se)

sit, sat, sat sentarse

sleep, slept, slept dormir

slide, slid, slid deslizar, resbalar

slit, slit, slit hender, rajar

speak, spoke, spoken hablar

speed, sped, sped acelerar, ir de prisa

spend, spent, spent gastar

spin, spun, spun dar vueltas, girar, hilar

split, split, split partir en dos

spread, spread, spread esparcir, diseminar, untar

spring, sprang, sprung saltar, brotar

stand, stood, stood estar de pie

steal, stole, stolen robar, hurtar

stick, stuck, stuck adherir, pegar, punzar

sting, stung, stung aguijonear, picar

strike, struck, struck/stricken golpear

string, strung, strung unir, ensartar

swear, swore, sworn jurar, blasfemar

sweep, swept, swept barrer

swim, swam, swum nadar

swing, swung, swung mecer, columpiar, balancear, girar

take, took, taken tomar, coger

teach, taught, taught enseñar, instruir

tear, tore, torn desgarrar

tear, teared, teared derramar lágrimas

tell, told, told decir, contar

think, thought, thought pensar

throw, threw, thrown tirar, arrojar

wake, woke/waked, woke/woken/waked despertar

wear, wore, worn vestir, calzar; desgastar

weave, wove, woven tejer

wed, wed/wedded, wed/wedded casarse

weep, wept, wept llorar, sollozar

wet, wet/wetted, wet/wetted humedecer, mojar

win, won, won ganar, triunfar

wind, wound, wound enrollar, bobinar

wind, winded, winded ventilar

wring, wrung, wrung estrujar, retorcer

write, wrote, written escribir

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